Colors

Data mode

Account

Login
Sign up

Copy permalink to share

Pinus serotina Michaux. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Trifoliae. Subsection: Australes. clade: Taeda. Pocosin Pine, Pond Pine, Marsh Pine, Black Pine. Phen: Apr; Aug (or at any time of year in response to fire). Hab: Peaty soils of pocosins, swamps of small blackwater streams, sometimes a component of very wet pine savannas over an herbaceous groundlayer, but usually associated with dense pocosin shrubs. Dist: A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: s. NJ south to n. FL and se. AL, restricted to the Coastal Plain.

ID notes:Even when well-developed, the trunk is typically twisted and gnarled, helping to distinguish it from P. taeda.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Other Comments: A remarkable tree, well-adapted to fire by its serotinous cones and its ability to resprout needles from the branches, trunk (‘epicormic sprouting’), or roots following fire. Extensive areas of peatland in the outer Coastal Plain are dominated by P. serotina, sometimes codominant with Gordonia lasianthus. Following fires which destroy all branches but do not kill the trees, epicormic sprouting results in entire forests of odd-looking cylindrical pines, the trunk thickly beset with needles, the outline of the tree a narrow cylinder 10-20 meters tall and less than 1 meter in diameter from base to summit. P. serotina is clearly a southern relative of P. rigida. It normally occurs in fire-maintained wetlands associated with (‘downhill’ from) P. palustris. On deep peats, P. serotina is stunted and of very irregular form; on mineral or shallower organic soils it can reach large size.

Synonymy: = C, F, Fl1, FNA2, G, K1, K3, K4, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Va, WH3, Price (1989), Ward (1963); = Pinus rigida Mill. ssp. serotina (Michx.) Clausen

Show in key(s)

Show parent genus

Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL
  • Midwest: OBL

Heliophily: 5

Your browser does not support SVGs

Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map for definition or see the legend.

image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Collectors SOS | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

Feedback

See something wrong or missing on about Pinus serotina? Let us know here: (Please include your name and email if at all complicated so we can clarify if needed.)


Cite as...