Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Sep. Hab: Coastal hammocks, dunes, disturbed coastal areas, inland in exposed bluffs, glades, and rocky, open woodlands, disturbed thickets, agricultural field edges. Dist: Se. SC (Jasper County) south through GA, FL, and west along the Gulf Coast to TX, AR, and Mexico, thence south through Central America to South America; West Indies.
ID notes: The leaves have a strong fragrance reminiscent of stale chocolate, or also described as "a disagreeable, pungent, nitrogenous odor similar to that of jimson-weed" (Great Plains Flora Association 1986).
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Synonymy: = Ar, Bah, Fl3, FNA12, K1, K3, K4, Mex, WH3; = n/a – RAB; > Cissus incisa (Nutt.) Des Moul. – F, GrPl, GW2, NcTx, S, Tx; > Cissus trifoliata (L.) L. – S