Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Juniperus virginiana Linnaeus. Section: Sabina. Eastern Red Cedar. Phen: Jan-Mar; Oct-Nov. Hab: Bluffs, glades, upland forests and woodlands, pastures, old fields, roadsides, and fencerows, primarily upland, occurring most abundantly on (but by no means restricted to) circumneutral soils (including shrink-swell clays) derived from mafic or calcareous rocks. Dist: S. ME west to e. ND, south to n. FL, s. AL, s. MS, s. LA, and c. TX; disjunct in Coahuila, Mexico (Adams 2011).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = GrPl, Il, Mi, NcTx, Pa, RAB, Tn, W, WV; = Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana – Ar, C, ETx1, F, FNA2, G, K1, K2, K4, Mo1, NE, NY, Va, Adams & Schwarzbach (2012), Adams & Schwarzbach (2013), Adams (2008b), Adams (2014); = Sabina virginiana – S; > Juniperus silicicola – Tx, misapplied; < Juniperus virginiana – Fl1, WH3; > Juniperus virginiana – Tx

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image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Jacob Dakar
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie