Gymnocladus dioicus (Linnaeus) K. Koch. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Nov (and persistent). Hab: Native in bottomland and riparian forests, mesic upland forests and woodlands, stream banks, swamp margins, often along rivers; also in disturbed areas, persistent and weakly spreading from horticultural plantings. Dist: The original native range has been obscured, perhaps PA west to se. SD, south to w. VA, TN, n. AL, and OK.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Synonymy: = C, F, G, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo2, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, SE3, Tn, Tx, Va, WV, Isely (1975), Isely (1998), Lee (1976), Robertson & Lee (1976)