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Magnolia acuminata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus var. acuminata . Subgenus: Yulania. Section: Tulipastrum. Cucumber-tree, Cucumber Magnolia. Phen: Apr-Jun; Jul-Aug. Hab: Mesic to subxeric forests, especially (but by no means strictly) over mafic or calcareous rocks, up to at least 1550m (where growing with Betula alleghaniensis, Abies fraseri, Picea rubens, and Sorbus americana), ultramafic outcrop barrens (where codominant with Pinus rigida and Quercus alba). Dist: S. ME, MY, c. IN, s. MO, and e. OK, south to c. GA, w. Panhandle FL (Holmes and Walton counties), s. AL, s. MS, and w. LA.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: The recognition of two varieties is uncertain (see discussion below).

Synonymy: = C, G, W, Frodin & Govaerts (1996), Spongberg (1998), Tobe (1998); = Tulipastrum acuminatum (L.) Small – S, S13; < Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. – Ar, F, Fl2, FNA3, Il, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, WH3, WV, Hardin & Jones (1989); < Yulania acuminata (L.) D.L.Fu – Sima & Lu (2012)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 4

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image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷


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