Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition

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RHAMNACEAE

Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch. Supplejack, American Rattan, Alabama Supplejack, Carolina Supplejack. Phen: Apr-May; Aug-Oct. Hab: Swamp forests, bottomlands, streambanks, also upland in mesic to even xeric forests, woodlands, glades, and prairies over calcareous rock or sediment. Dist: Se. VA south to s. FL, west to TX, north in the interior to nc. TN, w. TN, s. IL, and s. MO; Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala.

ID notes: The smooth gray bark on larger vines (often marred by sapsucker wells) is distinctive even when the leaves are high overhead; vines can be at least 18 cm in diameter. Younger twigs are bright green (or reddish tinted if sungrown), and the neatly pinnate venation is also distinctive.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = C, F, FNA12, G, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mo3, NcTx, RAB, S, Tn, Tx, Va, WH3, Brizicky (1964a)

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