Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition

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MORACEAE

Maclura pomifera (Rafinesque) C.K. Schneider. Osage-orange, Bow-wood, Bois-d'arc, Hedge-apple. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct. Hab: Dry-mesic to mesic upland forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, stream banks, fencerows, old fields, pastures, prairies, roadsides, naturalized beyond its native range from extensive planting in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Dist: The native distribution is obscured by early introduction eastwards and spread from cultivation, probably native to an area from sw. AR and OK south to w. LA and e. and c. TX, but possibly native also in areas like the Black Belt of MS and AL.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, C, F, FNA3, G, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo3, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV, Gardner et al (2017); = Toxylon pomiferum – S

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