Quercus ilicifolia Wangenheim. Phen: Late Apr-Jun; Aug (of the second year). Hab: Xeric soils in ridges in the Mountains and monadnocks in the upper Piedmont, pine-oak / heath woodlands, shale barrens, other dry and acidic sites. Dist: Primarily Appalachian: s. ME south to w. VA, w. NC, and e. KY.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Other Comments: In NC this scrubby oak is rare and probably declining because of fire suppression (Barden 1985), though recent ice storms have opened the tree canopy at several of its NC sites. The occurrence of Q. ilicifolia in KY was confirmed at the Devil's Teatable, Floyd County (Clark et al. 1997).
Synonymy: = C, F, FNA3, G, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV