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Betula lenta Linnaeus var. lenta . Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch, "Mahogany". Phen: Mar-Apr; Jun-Jul. Hab: Forests at low to high elevations; common (uncommon in Piedmont). Dist: S. ME west to OH, south to GA and n. AL. This species is generally restricted elevationally in North Carolina to medium elevations and lower, but in VA and northwards it reaches higher elevations, where it can be as common as B. alleghaniensis.

ID notes:Fall color is bright yellow.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: A diploid species (2n=2x=28).

Other Comments: B. lenta was once the primary source of methyl salicylate (wintergreen flavoring), used in medicines and confections; this is now produced synthetically.

Synonymy: = Va; = Betula lenta L. – F, FNA3, G, K1, K3, K4, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, W, WV, Furlow (1990); < Betula lenta L. – C, NE, NY, Ashburner & McAllister (2016), Hardin (1971a)

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Nate Hartley, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Nate Hartley source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Eric M Powell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Eric M Powell source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source
image of plant© Eric M Powell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Eric M Powell source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Scott Ward source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Scott Ward source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source
image of plant© Scott Ward, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Scott Ward source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷

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