*Betula pendula Roth. Phen: Apr-May. Hab: Persistent and escaping from plantings. Dist: Native of Europe. Reported for Watauga County, NC by Poindexter (pers. comm.).
Origin/Endemic status: Europe
Taxonomy Comments: Subspecies or varieties are sometimes recognized. A diploid species (2n=2x=28).
Synonymy: = C, F, FNA3, Il, K3, Mi, NE, NY, Pa; = n/a – G, RAB; <= Betula pendula Roth – K1; > Betula pendula Roth ssp. pendula – K4, Ashburner & McAllister (2016)