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Carpinus caroliniana Walter var. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald. Inland American Hornbeam, Blue Beech. Phen: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct. Hab: Rich cove forests, streambanks, riverbanks, bottomland forests, lower slopes. Dist: ME, QC and s. ON west to MN, south to e. VA, c. NC, n. GA, n. AL, n. MS, AR, and se. OK

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: See discussion of the two varieties under Carpinus caroliniana var. caroliniana.

Synonymy: = C, F, Il, Tat; = Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow – Ar, FNA3, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, W, Furlow (1987b), Furlow (1990); < Carpinus caroliniana Walter – G, GW2, Mi, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tn, Va, Hardin (1971a)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 3

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image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Mark Kluge, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Mark Kluge source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷

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