Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Ostrya virginiana (P. Miller) K. Koch. American Hop-hornbeam, Ironwood, Leverwood. Phen: Mar-May; Aug-Oct. Hab: Mesic to dry forests, often rocky, especially over basic rocks, reaching high elevations. Dist: NS west to MB, south to c. peninsular FL, Panhandle FL, and TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, C, FNA3, G, K3, K4, Mi, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV, Furlow (1990), Hardin (1971a); = Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana – K1; > Ostrya virginiana var. lasia – F, GrPl, Il, Tx; > Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana – F, GrPl, Il

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image of plant© Joey Shaw
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© Erik Danielson