Aesculus flava Solander. Phen: Late Apr-mid Jun; Aug-Sep. Hab: Moist forests, up to nearly 2000 m, especially prominent in seepy cove forests, in the Piedmont only in ‘montane’ habitats. Dist: A broad Southern Appalachian endemic: sw. PA, s. OH, s. IN, and s. IL south through KY, WV, sw. VA, and TN to n. AL, n. GA, nw. SC, and w. NC.
ID notes:Aesculus flava is one of the largest, most massive, and commonly encountered trees in Southern Appalachian coves, recognizable in winter by the bark of large plate-like slabs, thick twigs, and massive form. Additionally within coves, individuals of A. flava are often readily distinguishable at a glance due to the proportionately higher abundance of corticolous mosses present on their trunks (e.g. Pseudanomodon attenuatus, Forsstroemia trichomitria, and Neckera pennata).
Origin/Endemic status: Endemic
Taxonomy Comments: Meyer & Hardin (1987) discuss the nomenclatural issues relating to the names ‘A. flava’ and ‘A. octandra’.
Synonymy: = C, Il, K1, K3, K4, Pa, Tn, Va, W, Du, Harris, & Xiang (2020); = Aesculus octandra Marshall – F, G, RAB, Hardin (1957a), Hardin (1957b); < Aesculus octandra Marshall – S