Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieberstein) Cavara & Grande. Garlic Mustard, Hedge Garlic. Phen: Apr-Jun; May-Jun. Hab: Moist forests in bottomlands and on slopes. Dist: Native of Europe. This species has become a noxious weed in ne. United States, invading undisturbed moist forests. Fernald (1950) describes it as "roadsides, open woods, and near habitations, local". Dhillion & Anderson (1999) report on physiological characteristics that make Alliaria a successful invader in shaded situations.
ID notes: Fresh plant smelling strongly garlicky.
Origin/Endemic status: Europe
Syn: = Ar, BI, C, FNA7, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, Al-Shehbaz (1988b), Rollins (1993); = Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex DC. – F, G