Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Kalmia buxifolia (P.J. Bergius) Gift, Kron, & Stevens. Sand-myrtle. Phen: Late Mar-Jun (sporadically to Oct); Sep-Oct. Hab: Locally abundant but very restricted in wet (spodosol) pinelands of the outer Coastal Plain (in Brunswick and Carteret counties, NC), locally common in relatively dry sandhills in a few locations in the Sandhills, disjunct in the Piedmont on a few quartzite monadnocks, fairly common in the mountains on rock outcrops at high to moderate elevations (on a wide variety of rock types). Dist: The species is curiously distributed, both in its overall range and within NC. Kalmia buxifolia is found in the Pine Barrens of NJ, the outer Coastal Plain of se. NC, the inner Coastal Plain (fall-line sandhills) of sc. NC and nc. SC, monadnocks of the upper Piedmont of NC, mountain peaks of NC and immediately adjacent nw. SC, ne. GA, and e. TN, and isolated in extreme e. PA (Monroe County) and in se. KY (on sandstone in Whitley County, in the Cumberland Plateau).

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = FNA8, K3, K4, Pa, Tn, Kron et al (2002); = Leiophyllum buxifolium – C, K1, W, Luteyn et al (1996), Strand & Wyatt (1991), Wilbur & Racine (1971); > Leiophyllum buxifolium var. buxifolium – RAB; > Leiophyllum buxifolium var. hugeri – F, G, Pennell (1935); > Leiophyllum buxifolium var. prostratum – RAB; > Leiophyllum hugeri – S; > Leiophyllum lyonii – S, Pennell (1935)

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image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© J.W. Hardin
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© J.W. Hardin