Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Kalmia carolina Small. Southern Sheepkill, Carolina Wicky, Carolina Bog Myrtle. Phen: Apr-May (sporadically to Sep, especially in response to fire); Sep-Oct. Hab: Moist to wet pinelands of the Coastal Plain, pocosin margins (or seemingly in pocosins or swamps because of fire suppression), mountain bogs and fens (and less commonly in rocky areas at high elevations) in the Mountains. Dist: This species, a close relative of the more widespread and northern K. angustifolia, occurs in two disjunct areas: the Coastal Plain, from se. VA south through NC to wc. GA (Taylor County), and the Southern Appalachians from sw. VA south through w. NC and ne. TN to ne. GA

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = GW2, K1, K3, K4, S, Va, W, Southall & Hardin (1974); = Kalmia angustifolia ssp. carolina – Haines (2010); = Kalmia angustifolia var. carolina – C, F, FNA8, G, Ebinger (1974), Luteyn et al (1996); = Kalmia angustifolia var. caroliniana – RAB, Tn, orthographic error

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins
image of plant© Emily Oglesby