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Lyonia ligustrina (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle var. foliosiflora (Michaux) Fernald. Southern Maleberry, He-huckleberry. Phen: (Late Dec-) Apr-Jun; Sep-Oct. Hab: Pocosins, seepage bogs, and other wet habitats. Dist: Se. VA south to s. FL, west to e. TX and e. OK, and (west of the mountains) north to TN and nc. AR. Var. foliosiflora is the usual variety on the Coastal Plain (including the fall-line sandhills).

ID notes: Rather nondescript when sterile, the gray-green hue of the leaves is a useful character, and at 5-10× magnification the appressed white hairs are an excellent diagnostic feature for both varieties of Lyonia ligustrina.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Synonymy: = Ar, FNA8, GW2, K1, K3, K4, Tn, Va, W, WH3, Judd (1981), Luteyn et al (1996); = Arsenococcus frondosus (Pursh) Small – S; = Xolisma foliosiflora (Michx.) Small; < Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. – C, Fl5, G, RAB, Tx; > Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. var. capreaefolia (Watson) DC. – F; > Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. var. foliosiflora (Michx.) Fernald – F; > Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. var. salicifolia (Watson) DC. – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 6

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image of plant© Mary Keim, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA) source CC-BY-NC-SA, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Scott Ward source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷

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