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Lyonia mariana (Linnaeus) D. Don. Staggerbush, Large-flowered Fetterbush. Phen: Apr-May; Sep-Oct. Hab: Pine flatwoods, savannas, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, less commonly in dry rocky woodlands in the lower Piedmont (especially with chestnut oak). Dist: RI (formerly) and NY (Long Island) south to c. peninsular and e. Panhandle FL; disjunct west of the Mississippi River in sc. MO, c. and s. AR, nw. LA, se. OK, and e. TX.

ID notes: Readily distinguished vegetatively by the broadly elliptic leaves borne at an ascending 45 degree angle, with bright pink axillary buds.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Ar, C, F, Fl5, FNA8, G, GW2, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tx, Va, WH3, Judd (1981), Luteyn et al (1996); = Neopieris mariana (L.) Britton – S; = Pieris mariana (L.) Benth. & Hook.

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC
  • Great Plains: FAC
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Bruce Sorrie
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Richard LeBlond CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie


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