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Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus. Section: Pneumonanthe. Soapwort Gentian, Harvestbells. Phen: Aug-Nov. Hab: Bogs, marshes, wet hardwood forests, other moist to wet habitats. Dist: NY west to n. IL, south to Panhandle FL and e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: A peculiar form with very narrow leaves has been found at several localities in Ashe and Watauga counties, NC and in the South Mountains, NC; it may warrant taxonomic recognition after further study.

Synonymy: = C, Fl5, FNA14, GW2, Il, K3, K4, Mi, NY, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, Halda (1996), Ho & Liu (2001), Pringle & Weakley (2009), Pringle (1967a); = Dasystephana saponaria (L.) Small – S; = Gentiana saponaria L. var. saponaria – K1; = Pneumonanthe saponaria (L.) F.W.Schmidt; > Dasystephana cherokeensis W.P.Lemmon; > Gentiana cherokeensis (W.P.Lemmon) Fernald – F, G; > Gentiana saponaria L. – F, G, WV

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW
  • Midwest: FACW
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW

Heliophily ?: 7

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image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Gentiana saponaria, Coosa Valley Prairies, Floyd County, Georgia 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Gentiana saponaria, Coosa Valley Prairies, Floyd County, Georgia 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷

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