Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Trillium cuneatum Rafinesque. Subgenus: Sessilia. Sweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade, Large Toadshade, Wedge-petal Trillium, Bloody Butcher. Phen: (Jan-) Mid Mar-Apr; late May-Jun. Hab: In rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant. Dist: Nc. NC, c. KY, and s. IL south to sc. GA, sc. AL, and s. MS. Sometimes spreading from cultivation outside of this area.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = C, FNA26, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Pa, Tn, W, Case & Case (1997), Freeman (1975), Patrick (1986), Patrick (2007); = Trillium cuneatum var. cuneatum – RAB; > Trillium cuneatum – F; > Trillium hugeri – S; >< Trillium underwoodii – S, misapplied; >< Trillium viride – F, misapplied with respect to NC material; < Trillium viride var. luteum – G, misapplied (also see T. luteum)

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image of plant© Joey Shaw
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins
image of plant© Emily Oglesby
image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins