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*Solanum lycopersicum Linnaeus. Tomato. Phen: May-Nov. Hab: Persistent and weakly naturalized around gardens, especially where compost or sewage sludge is spread, commonly cultivated, rare as a naturalized species. Dist: Native of Andean South America.

Origin/Endemic status: South America

Taxonomy Comments: There appears to be little reason to separate Lycopersicon from Solanum.

Other Comments: S. lycopersicum is one of the most important and influential of edible species native of the New World introduced to the Old World, along with two other Solanaceae, the potato (Solanum tuberosum) and the chili (Capsicum annuum).

Synonymy: = Ar, Fl6, K3, K4, Mi, NcTx, NY, Va, WH3; = Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. – C, G, Il, RAB; = Lycopersicon lycopersicon (L.) H.Karst. – S; = Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. – F; = n/a – Pa; > Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) Alef.; > Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. esculentum – Bah; > Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. leptophyllum (Dunal) D'Arcy – Bah; > Solanum cerasiforme Dunal; > Solanum lycopersicon var. lycopersicon – NE; > Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) D.M.Spooner, J.Anderson, & R.K.Jansen – K1; > Solanum lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum – K1

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image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷