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Fraxinus caroliniana P. Miller. Water Ash, Pop Ash, Carolina Ash. Phen: May; Jul-Oct. Hab: Deeply to shallowly flooded swamps, both alluvial and tidal. Dist: Se. MD south to n. FL, west to TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: J.J.N. Campbell (pers. comm., 2020) suggests recognizing a varietal entity in the Apalachicola region of Panhandle FL, with smaller leaves and leaflets, proportionally broader samaras, and mature at shrub size.

Other Comments: A small tree, sometimes very abundant (and nearly the only subcanopy species) as the understory in Taxodium-Nyssa swamps. Reported for se. MD by Longbottom, Naczi, & Knapp (2016).

Synonymy: = Ar, C, G, K1, RAB, Tx, Va, Hardin & Beckmann (1982), Hardin (1974), Miller (1955), Nesom (2010i); = Fraxinus caroliniana Mill. var. caroliniana – Ward (2010a); = n/a – Tat; < Fraxinus caroliniana Mill. – Fl6, GW2, K3, K4, S, WH3; > Fraxinus caroliniana Mill. var. caroliniana – F; > Fraxinus caroliniana Mill. var. cubensis (Griseb.) Lingelsh. – F, misapplied; > Fraxinus caroliniana Mill. var. oblanceolata (M.A.Curtis) Fernald & Schub. – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 3

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© theo_witsell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by theo_witsell source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© theo_witsell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by theo_witsell source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© theo_witsell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by theo_witsell source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Fraxinus caroliniana, Pop Ash Pond, Six Mile Cypress Slough Preserve, Lee County, Florida 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Fraxinus caroliniana Swamp, Fakahatchee Strand Preserve State Park, Collier County, Florida 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷

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