Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall. Green Ash, Red Ash. Phen: Apr-May; Aug-Oct. Hab: Bottomlands and swamps, especially along brownwater rivers and streams, rarely on mesic upland disturbed sites. Dist: NS west to AB, south to FL, TX, and CO.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, C, GrPl, GW2, K1, K3, Mi, Mo3, NE, NY, Pa, Tn, Va, W, Hardin & Beckmann (1982), Hardin (1974), Ward (2010a); > Fraxinus darlingtonii – S; > Fraxinus lanceolata – Il; < Fraxinus pennsylvanica – Fl6, WH3; > Fraxinus pennsylvanica – Il, S; ? Fraxinus pennsylvanica ssp. pennsylvanica – Miller (1955); > Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. austinii – F, Campbell (2017); > Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. campestris – Campbell (2017); > Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. pennsylvanica – F, G, RAB, WV, Campbell (2017); > Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima – F, G, RAB, WV, Campbell (2017); > Fraxinus pensylvanica var. integerrima – Tx, orthographic variant

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image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Erik Danielson source