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Trillium recurvatum Beck. Subgenus: Sessilia. Prairie Trillium, Recurved Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin. Phen: Mar-May. Hab: Rich soils over calcareous or mafic rocks. Dist: W. OH west to s. MI, s. WI, and e. IA, south to c. TN, c. AL, c. MS, n. LA, and e. TX; disjunct in the Cumberland Plateau of e. TN, e. KY, and the Blue Ridge and w. Piedmont of NC. The two known NC occurrences (Catawba and Madison counties) appear to be native.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: Petals maroon or yellow.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, ETx1, F, FNA26, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo1, NE, NY, Pa, S, S13, Tn, Tx, Case & Case (1997), Freeman (1975), Patrick (1986); = n/a – RAB

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: UPL
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily: 4

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