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Monarda clinopodia Linnaeus. Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm. Phen: Late May-Sep; Jul-Oct. Hab: Mesic, forested slopes. Dist: NJ, w. NY, and IL, south to n. GA and c. AL (some of the range perhaps accountable to cultivation)

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: There appear to be a number of chemical races in M. clinopodia which may warrant taxonomic status.

Synonymy: = C, F, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tat, Tn, Va, W, McClintock & Epling (1942), Scora (1967); = Monarda fistulosa L. var. clinopodia (L.) Cooperr.

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily: 4

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷

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