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Aureolaria pedicularia (Linnaeus) Rafinesque ex Pennell. Annual Oak-leech. Phen: Sep-Oct; Nov. Hab: Oak forests and woodlands; a hemiparasite on Quercus section Lobatae (the red or black oaks). Dist: ME west to NY and e. MN, south to nw. SC, ne. GA, e. TN, and n. IL.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: The various named varieties or subspecies need additional study; the variation seems to be too clinal to be practically recognized taxonomically.

Synonymy: = FNA17, Mi, NY, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tn, W; = Gerardia pedicularia L. var. pedicularia – F; > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell ssp. austromontana (Pennell) Pennell – S, Pennell (1935); > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell ssp. caesariensis Pennell – S; > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell ssp. carolinensis Pennell – S, Pennell (1935); > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell ssp. intercedens (Pennell) Pennell – Pennell (1935); > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell ssp. typica (L.) Pennell – Pennell (1935); > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell var. ambigens (Fernald) Farw.; > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell var. austromontana Pennell – C, G, K1, K4; > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell var. intercedens Pennell – C, G, K1, K4, NE; > Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. ex Pennell var. pedicularia – C, G, K1, K4, NE; > Gerardia pedicularia L. var. austromontana (Pennell) Fernald – F; > Gerardia pedicularia L. var. intercedens (Pennell) Fernald – F; > Gerardia pedicularia L. var. pedicularia – F

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Heliophily: 6

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷

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