Schwalbea americana Linnaeus. Phen: (Late Apr-) May-Jun; Aug. Hab: Pine savannas, sandhill-pocosin ecotones (in the uphill portions), mesic loamy-soil slopes or swales in longleaf pine and hills, fire-maintained interior woodlands and barrens. Dist: Formerly rather widespread in e. North America, primarily in the Coastal Plain, from e. MA, south to c. peninsular FL and west to TX, and disjunct in the Cumberland Mountains of KY and TN. The species is now limited to a few scattered sites in MA, NJ, NC, SC, GA, FL, AL, and LA, a small portion of its former distribution. It appears to require high fire frequency, especially during the growing season, perhaps related to its establishment ecology. The tiny seeds are hyaline-winged.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Taxonomy Comments: Ward (2012a) defended the recognition of two varieties, albeit without much detail or discussion.
Synonymy: = C, F, Fl7, FNA17, G, GW2, K1, K3, NE, NY, RAB, Tn, Tx, Va, WH3; > Schwalbea americana L. – Pennell (1935); > Schwalbea americana L. var. americana – K4, Ward (2012a); > Schwalbea americana L. var. australis (Pennell) Reveal & C.R.Broome – K4, Ward (2012a); > Schwalbea australis Pennell – S, Pennell (1935)