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Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F. Gmelin) Steudel. Section: Boreosilva. Carolina Wild-petunia, Common Wild-petunia. Phen: (May-) Jun-Sep. Hab: Dry to moist forests and woodlands. Dist: NJ, s. OH, s. IN, s. IL, and OK, south to s. FL and e. TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Synonymy: = Ar, C, Fl6, G, NcTx, Pa, RAB, Tat, Va, WH3, Turner (1991), Ward (2007c); = Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. ssp. caroliniensis var. caroliniensis – K1, K3, K4, SFla, Long (1970), Wasshausen (1998); < Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. – Tn, W; > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. caroliniensis – F, Tx; > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. cheloniformis Fernald – F, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. dentata (Nees) Fernald – F, Il, WV, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. membranacea Fernald – F, WV, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. nanella Fernald – F, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. salicina Fernald – F, Tx, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. semicalva Fernald – F, Tx, Fernald (1945); > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. serrulata Tharp & F.A.Barkley – Tx; > Ruellia caroliniensis (J.F.Gmel.) Steud. var. typica – Fernald (1945); ? Ruellia parviflora (Nees) Britton – S

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 7

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image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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