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Verbena bonariensis Linnaeus. Purple-top Vervain. Phen: May-Oct. Hab: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields. Dist: Native of South America.

Origin/Endemic status: South America

Syn: = Ar, Il, K4, NY, Nesom (2010b), Nesom (2010c), Verloove (2011); = Verbena bonariensis L. var. conglomerata Briq. – K1, K3, NE; < Verbena bonariensis L. – Bah, C, G, GW2, Pa, RAB, S, (also see V. incompta); < Verbena incompta P.W.Michael – WH3

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image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming