Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Verbena bonariensis Linnaeus. Purple-top Vervain. Phen: May-Oct. Hab: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields. Dist: Native of South America.

Origin/Endemic status: South America

Syn: = Ar, Il, K4, NY, Nesom (2010b), Nesom (2010c), Verloove (2011); = Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata – K1, K3, NE; < Verbena bonariensis – Bah, C, G, GW2, Pa, RAB, S, (also see V. incompta); < Verbena incompta – WH3

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming [image randomly selected]
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware [image randomly selected]