Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Verbena officinalis Linnaeus. European Vervain, Juno’s Tears, Herb-of-the-cross. Phen: Jun-Oct. Hab: Disturbed areas, riverbanks. Dist: Native of Europe.

Origin/Endemic status: Europe

Syn: = Fl6, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Tn, Va, Nesom (2010b); = Verbena officinalis ssp. officinalis – WH3, Barber (1982); > Verbena officinalis – C, F, G, Pa, RAB, S; > Verbena officinalis var. officinalis – K1; > Verbena officinalis var. prostrata – K1; > Verbena riparia – C, F, G, K1, RAB, S, W

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