Ilex collina Alexander. clade: Clade D2. Phen: May-Jun; (Aug-) Sep-Oct. Hab: In peats of bogs and seepages, on banks of cold, high elevation streams (less commonly on moist, rocky slopes in northern hardwood forests or mixed spruce-hardwood forests) at moderate to high elevations (1100-1800m). Dist: A Southern Appalachian endemic: e. and c. WV, sw. VA, w. NC, e. TN (Sevier County) (Boetsch & Nielsen 2003), and ne. GA.
ID notes: I. collina often occurs with or in close proximity to the similar I. montana and I. verticillata; the long fruiting pedicels will separate fruiting plants readily.
Origin/Endemic status: Endemic
Taxonomy Comments: The affinities of this species are with Ilex montana and I. verticillata, not with Ilex (Nemopanthus) mucronata (Baas 1984). See Clark (1974) and Boetsch & Nielsen (2003) for additional information about this species.
Synonymy: = K3, K4, Va, WV, Clark (2023); = n/a – RAB; = Nemopanthus collinus (Alexander) R.C.Clark – C, Tn, W; < Ilex longipes Chapm. ex Trel. – F, G