Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Ilex montana Torrey & A. Gray ex A. Gray. Mountain Holly. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Sep. Hab: Mesic forests, rarely bogs or bog edges. Dist: W. MA and w. NY south to n. GA (reports from n. AL seem to be based on misidentifications), essentially an Appalachian endemic. The range of this species is sometimes stated or shown as broader, extending into the Coastal Plain in our area, and as far south as n. FL, LA, and e. TX, but these reports are based on misidentifications, primarily of the "beadlei" component of I. ambigua.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, Va, WV, Krakow (1989); = Ilex ambigua var. montana – RAB, Tn; = Ilex ambigua var. monticola – W; = Ilex montana var. montana – C, F, G; = Ilex monticola – S

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© Edwin Bridges
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Edwin Bridges