Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Ilex opaca Aiton. clade: Clade D3. American Holly, Christmas Holly. Phen: Apr-Jun; Sep-Oct. Hab: In a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland. Dist: MA (? NS and ME), IL, MO, and OK south to c. peninsular FL (apparently naturalized only in s. FL) and TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = S, Tx; = Ilex opaca var. opaca – Ar, Fl7, GW2, K3, K4, Mo2, NE, NY, Va, WH3, Godfrey (1988); < Ilex opaca – C, F, G, Il, Mi, NcTx, Pa, RAB, Tn, W, WV

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image of plant© Erik Danielson
image of plant© Keith Bradley
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Erik Danielson
image of plant© Collectors SOS