Asclepias Linnaeus. Milkweed.
A genus of about 100 species, herbs (mostly perennial) and shrubs, temperate and tropical, of North and Central America (Endress et al. 2018).
ID notes: The flowers of Asclepias have an unusual structure and associated terminology that is necessary for successful interpretation of the key. From the bottom of each flower, there is first a whorl of 5 sepals, almost always green or greenish. Next is a whorl of separate petals, in most species recurved, and variously colored (brightly, or in quite a few species green, greenish white, yellowish green, or green flushed with rose or purple). Next inmost is the corona, a pentamerous structure of 5 hoods and 5 horns (these are petaloid appendages attached to the stamens). At the center is the gynostegium, a fusion of the stigmatic disc (innermost of all) and the 5 anthers. An insect leg passes through the stigmatic slit between two adjacent anthers, and can pick up the two pollinia, attached to one another by two translater arms, fused at the corpusculum.
Ref: Endress et al. (2018) In Kadereit & Bittrich (2018); Farmer & Bell (1985); Fishbein et al. (2011); Turner (2009b); Woodson (1954). Show full citations.