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Geum Linnaeus. Subfamily: Rosoideae. Tribe: Coluriae. Avens.

Key to Geum

A genus of 40-60 species, herbs, mainly of north temperate areas. Many researchers have advocated breaking Geum into varying numbers of segregate genera; even the most conservative of these divisions place G. radiatum in a genus separate from our other species (such as Parageum; see synonymy) and some would place G. vernum in Stylipus. Molecular studies (Smedmark 2006; Smedmark & Eriksson 2002) have made a case for a broad circumscription of Geum, including Waldsteinia, as many of the segregates are complexly and reticulately interrelated; more recent studies have pushed back against including Waldsteinia and some other segregates in Geum, based on more detailed hypotheses of the phylogeny of the Coluriae. We here retain Waldsteinia at its traditional genus rank. Hough (2018) provided a useful report on various hybrids of our native Geum.\; Chapman-Lam (2022) also discussed

ID notes: Hybrids have been documented between many of our species: aleppicum × rivale, aleppicum × urbanum, canadense × laciniatum, canadense × urbanum, laciniatum × urbanum, rivale × urbanum

Ref: Bolle (1933); Chapman-Lam (2022); Hough (2018); Hough, Gilman, & Chapman-Lam (2022); Kalkman In Kubitzki et al. (2004); Král (1966); Phipps (2014b) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014); Robertson (1974); Rohrer (2014a) In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014); Shattelroe et al. (2021); Smedmark (2006); Smedmark & Eriksson (2002); Weakley & Gandhi (2008). Show full citations.

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image of plant© Alan Cressler: Geum geniculatum, Grassy Ridge Bald, Pisgah National Forest, Avery County, North Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler | Geum geniculatum source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Geum laciniatum | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Geum virginianum | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson | Geum rivale source | Original Image ⭷