Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition

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VIBURNACEAE

Sambucus canadensis Linnaeus. Common Elderberry. Phen: Late Apr-Jul; Jul-Aug. Hab: Bottomland and riparian forests, streambanks, thickets, marshes, swamps, seeps, spring runs, mesic upland forests, pond margins, pastures, fencerows, other disturbed areas. Dist: NS west to MB, south to s. FL, TX; montane Mexico and Central America; West Indies.

ID notes: The leaflets, particularly of young shoots or stunted sprouts, are often variegated. This is one of the first woody plants to leaf out in the spring.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, C, GrPl, GW2, Mi, Pa, RAB, Tn, Va, W, WV, Ferguson (1966a); = Sambucus canadensis var. nigra – NcTx, name not published; = Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis – Fl7, K1, K3, K4, NE, WH3, Bolli (1994); > Sambucus canadensis – S; > Sambucus canadensis var. canadensis – F, G, Tx; > Sambucus canadensis var. submollis – F, G, Tx; >< Sambucus nigra var. nigra – Il; >< Sambucus nigra var. submollis – Il; > Sambucus simpsonii – S

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