Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Sambucus racemosa Linnaeus var. pubens (Michaux) Trautvetter & C.A. Meyer. Eastern Red Elderberry. Phen: Late Apr-early Jun; late Jun-Aug. Hab: Spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests, especially typical on boulderfield, talus, and other rocky situations, primarily at high elevations in the Mountains, though sometimes descending in our area (mainly in VA and northward) to low elevations (as low as 75 m). Dist: S. racemosa var. pubens ranges from NL (Newfoundland) west to BC (?), south to PA, IN, IL, and in the mountains to w. NC, e. TN, and ne. GA (Jones & Coile 1988).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Pa, Va; = Sambucus pubens – F, G, RAB, S, W, WV; = Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens – GrPl, Tn; = Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens var. pubens – C, Il; < Sambucus pubens ssp. pubens – Ferguson (1966a); < Sambucus racemosa – K4, Mi, NE; < Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa – K1, Bolli (1994)

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image of plant© J.W. Hardin
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Sambucus racemosa, Craggy Dome, Blue Ridge Parkway, Buncombe County, North Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler source