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Lilium canadense Linnaeus. Canada Lily. Phen: Jun-Jul; late Jul-Sep. Hab: Wet meadows, clearings, coves, seepages. Dist: NB west to s. ON, south to NC, SC, GA, AL, and MS

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Skinner in FNA (2002) summarizes efforts to separate two taxa at varietal or subspecific rank (see synonymy), based on flower color and leaf shape. The variation seems to defy taxonomic division. There has also been considerable confusion between L. canadense var. editorum (the red-flowered form) and L. grayi, with populations in sw. VA showing some intergradation between the two; these are best treated as L. ×pseudograyi Grove.

Synonymy: = C, FNA26, G, GW1, K4, NE, NY, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Va; > Lilium canadense L. ssp. canadense – K1, Pa, W, Adams & Dress (1982); > Lilium canadense L. ssp. editorum (Fernald) Wherry – K1, Pa, W, Adams & Dress (1982), Wherry (1946); > Lilium canadense L. ssp. typicum – Wherry (1946); > Lilium canadense L. var. canadense – F, WV; > Lilium canadense L. var. editorum – F, WV

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC
  • Midwest: FAC
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC

Heliophily: 7

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷


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