Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nuttall. Cranefly Orchid. Phen: Jul-Sep. Hab: In a wide variety of mesic to rather dry forests. Dist: Se. MA, s. NY, OH, IN, and s. MI south to n. peninsular FL and TX.

ID notes: Tipularia discolor is one of the commonest orchids in e. North America, a familiar and easy to identify species through the fall, winter, and spring by its ovate leaves with acute-acuminate apex, and solid purple (rarely brownish-purple or greenish-purple) leaf undersurface.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = Ar, C, ETx1, F, FNA26, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo1, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV, Brown (2002), Correll (1950), Luer (1975); = Tipularia unifolia – S

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie
image of plant© Floyd A. Griffith
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware