Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition

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RUSCACEAE

Convallaria pseudomajalis J. Bartram. American Lily-of-the-Valley. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug. Hab: Mountain forests, particularly in rocky woodlands or forests on or near ridgetops under northern red oak at about 1000 to 1500 m elevation, sometimes at lower elevations (down to at least 700 m) and under Quercus montana. Dist: Endemic to the Southern Appalachians: WV and VA through NC and TN to ne. GA (Jones & Coile 1988) and nw. SC (there appears to be no documentation for old reports by Bartram, Rafinesque, and Greene of this species for PA)

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Syn: = K4, Va; = Convallaria majalis ssp. majuscula var. majuscula – Gandhi, Reveal, & Zarucchi (2012); = Convallaria majalis var. montana – FNA26, RAB, Tn; = Convallaria majuscula – K1, K3; = Convallaria montana – F, W, WV, illegitimate and superfluous name; < Convallaria majalis – C, G, S, Judd (2003)

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image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware
image of plant© Will Stuart
image of plant© Richard & Teresa Ware