Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Viola affinis Leconte. Section: Nosphinium. Subsection: Borealiamericanae. Leconte’s Violet, Sand Violet. Hab: Damp to saturated (less typically periodically inundated), often sandy soils bordering vernal pools, streams and rivers in mesic to wet forests, and on terraces in floodplains and swamp borders. Dist: ME to se. MN, south to GA and AR.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Syn: = F, FNA6, G, GW2, Il, Mi, Mo3, NE, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV, Ballard () (in prep), Gil-ad (1998), Haines (2001); < Viola affinis – K3; < Viola missouriensis – Tn; < Viola sororia – C; < Viola sororia var. missouriensis – McKinney & Russell (2002)

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie