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Ruscaceae detail - FSUS
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Ruscaceae M. Roemer. Ruscus Family.

Key to Ruscaceae

As here circumscribed, a family of about 28 genera and 500 species, of North America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. Following the "breakup of the Liliaceae", Ruscaceae was often defined very narrowly to include a few genera with cladodes. In APG I (1998), it was recognized more broadly as Convallariaceae. In APG II (2003), Ruscaceae was listed as an "acceptable, monophyletic alternative to the broader circumscription favoured here". In APG III (2009) and APG IV (2016), Ruscaceae was simply merged into a very broad Asparagaceae. We favor and here use a 'middle ground' that recognizes at family rank major clades (in our region: Asparagaceae s.s., Ruscaceae, Agavaceae, Themidaceae, and Hyacinthaceae) in Asparagaceae sensu APG III and APG IV.

Ref: APG IV (2016); Bogler & Simpson (1995); Bogler In Kubitzki (1998a); Conran & Tamura In Kubitzki (1998a); Yamashita & Tamura (2000); Yeo In Kubitzki (1998a). Show full citations.

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Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map to see what it means. Data for arrows not developed for genera and families which may have species only occurring outside the flora area.

image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Polygonatum | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley | Liriope source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley | Nolina source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Danae | Original Image ⭷