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Key to Euphorbia

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1 Shrubs with succulent stems; [subgenus Euphorbia, sect. Crepidaria].
1 Herbs.
    3 Leaves alternate or opposite, not oblique or asymmetric at base; branches usually erect.
image of plant
Show caption*© Gary P. Fleming
      4 Bracteal leaves lobed or toothed (rarely linear), usually marked with red or white at the base or purple-spotted; glands of the cyathia usually 1 (rarely more), bilabiate, lacking petaloid appendages; [subgenus Chamaesyce; section Poinsettia]
      4 Bracteal leaves entire, not marked with red (white-margined in E. marginata); glands of the cyathia 4-5, flattish, not bilabiate, with or without petaloid appendages.
image of plant
Show caption*© Richard & Teresa Ware
        5 Glands of the cyathia 5 (or 7-10 on the central cyathium in E. pubentissima), with petaloid appendages 0.1-5.0 mm long (measured along a radius), these white, maroon, red, pink, or green; stipules present, glandlike, often minute; [subgenus Chamaesyce; section Alectoroctonum]
        5 Glands of the cyathia 4 (except 5 in E. purpurea), oval, reniform, or crescent-shaped, lacking petaloid appendages (the glands themselves yellowish or green); stipules absent or vestigial
          6 Ovary and capsule subtended by a calyx-like structure; seeds without caruncles; involucral gland appendages absent; [subgenus Euphorbia; section Nummulariopsis]
          6 Ovary and capsule not subtended by a calyx-like structure; seeds with caruncles; involucral gland appendages hornlike or absent; [subgenus Esula]
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