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Phegopteris connectilis (Michaux) Watt. Northern Beech Fern. Phen: Apr-Aug. Hab: Moist cliffs where wet by spray from waterfalls (at medium elevations), also on high elevation cliffs wet by seepage and in spruce-fir forests, northward in cool ravines and on swamp borders. Most of the occurrences in NC are at waterfalls in the escarpment gorges of Transylvania, Macon, and Jackson counties, near Highlands. Dist: A circumboreal species, at its southern limit in North America in MD, WV, OH, IL, IA, MT, and OR; disjunct southward in w. NC and e. TN, and in CO.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: The species is a triploid, reproducing apogamously.

Synonymy: = K4, Gilman (2020), Patel, Fawcett, & Gilman (2019); < Dryopteris phegopteris (L.) C.Chr. – F; < Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt – FNA2, FoC, FoC, Il, K1, K3, NE, NY, Pa, Tn, WV, Fawcett & Smith (2021); < Phegopteris phegopteris (L.) Keyserl. – Sf; < Phegopteris polypodioides Fée – Tat; < Thelypteris phegopteris (L.) Sloss. – C, G, RAB, W

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image of plant© Alan Cressler: Phegopteris connectilis, Snowy Mountain, Adirondack Park, Hamilton County, New York 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Phegopteris connectilis, Snowy Mountain, Adirondack Park, Hamilton County, New York 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Phegopteris connectilis, Hill Creek Gorge, Falls of Hill Creek Scenic Area, Monongahela National Forest, Pocahontas County, West Virginia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Phegopteris connectilis, Blue Ridge Parkway, Haywood County, North Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷

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