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Bromus ciliatus Linnaeus. Fringed Brome. Phen: Jul-Aug. Hab: Seepage areas, fens, moist areas near high elevation creeks, grassy balds, high elevation woodlands, mostly over mafic or calcareous rocks. Dist: Widespread in n. North America: NL (Labrador) to AK, south in the east to PA, and in the mountains to NC; south in the west to Mexico. Known in NC only from Bluff Mountain and Long Hope Valley, Ashe and Watauga counties, and Roan Mountain, Mitchell County.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = C, FNA24, G, HC, Il, K3, K4, Mex, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV, Pavlick (1995), Tucker (1996); = Bromopsis ciliata (L.) Holub; = Bromus ciliatus L. var. ciliatus – S13; > Bromus ciliatus L. var. ciliatus – F, K1; > Bromus ciliatus L. var. intonsus Fernald – F; > Bromus dudleyi Fernald – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 6

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image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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