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*Pinus pinaster Aiton. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Pinus. Subsection: Pinaster. Maritime Pine, Cluster Pine. Hab: Planted and naturalized on barrier islands. Dist: Native of Mediterranean Europe. P. pinaster is reported by Brown (1959) to be "introduced from Mediterranean region and planted on sand-flats in vicinity of Corolla, Currituck Banks, Bodie and Hatteras Island 1936-1940…". Now producing seeds and becoming naturalized near Cape Hatteras Lighthouse.

Origin/Endemic status: Mediterranean Europe and Africa

Other Comments: More resistant to salt spray than native pines" (Brown 1959). Graetz (1973) discusses its use on the Outer Banks and concludes that it is "not as well adapted to inclement beach conditions as Japanese black pine". P. pinaster is conspicuous just south of Nags Head on NC Highway 12 (Dare County, NC), and farther south at Bodie Island Lighthouse (Dare County, NC), on Ocracoke Island (Hyde County, NC), and elsewhere.

Synonymy: = K1, K3, K4; = n/a – FNA2, RAB

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image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Alan Weakley source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aurélien Bour, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Aurélien Bour source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Mark Kluge, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Mark Kluge source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Mark Kluge, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Mark Kluge source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Stephen Thorpe, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Stephen Thorpe source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷

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