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Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marshall. Yellowroot, Brook-feather, Orangeroot, Yellow Puccoon. Phen: (Late Jan-) Mar-May; May-Jun. Hab: Streambanks and riverbanks, less typically in moist rocky forests. Dist: Se. VA, w. VA, WV, and s. OH south to FL Panhandle and s. MS; disjunct west of the Mississippi in w. LA and e. TX; also scattered northward as naturalized populations from cultivation in PA, MD, NY, MA, CT, and ME.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: See Colenbaugh & Hagan (2021) for a detailed discussion of X. simplicissima.

Synonymy: = C, F, Fl2, FNA3, G, GW2, K1, K3, K4, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV; = Xanthorhiza apiifolia L'Hér.; = Xanthorrhiza simplicissima – S, orthographic variant

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Edwin Bridges | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Xanthorhiza simplicissima, Betty Creek, Hambidge Center, Rabun County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Matt, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Matt source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Xanthorhiza simplicissima, Pickens County, South Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alvin Diamond, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Alvin Diamond source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Emily Oglesby | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Matt, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC), uploaded by Matt source CC-BY-NC, permission granted to NCBG | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷

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