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Hexastylis virginica (Linnaeus) Small. Virginia Heartleaf. Phen: Apr-Jun. Hab: Upland forests. Dist: A relatively widespread species, occurring throughout NC and VA, extending west into WV, e. KY, and ne. TN (Chester, Wofford, & Kral 1997); alleged to have also been collected in 1897 in Putnam County, FL (ne. FL) (Wunderlin & Hansen 2015).

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: H. memmingeri, a taxon close to H. virginica, with the calyx very small (< 1.5 cm long), narrowly cylindro-urceolate, and the calyx lobes very short (ca. 2 mm long) will key here. Gaddy does not recognize it, considering it a small form of H. virginica, but it may warrant taxonomic status. It is known from NC, VA, and WV, in the Piedmont and Mountains.

Synonymy: = FNA3, K1, K3, K4, RAB, Tn, Va, W, Blomquist (1957), Gaddy (1987a); = Asarum virginicum L. – Sinn (2015); > Asarum memmingeri Ashe – F, WV; > Asarum virginicum L. – WV; >< Asarum virginicum L. – F; > Hexastylis memmingeri (Ashe) Small – S; < Hexastylis virginica (L.) Small – C, G, H. heterophylla, H. minor; > Hexastylis virginica (L.) Small – S

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 2

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image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Ann Walter-Fromson | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷

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