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Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch. Supplejack, American Rattan, Alabama Supplejack, Carolina Supplejack. Phen: Apr-May; Aug-Oct. Hab: Swamp forests, bottomlands, streambanks, also upland in mesic to even xeric forests, woodlands, glades, and prairies over calcareous rock or sediment. Dist: Se. VA south to s. FL, west to TX, north in the interior to nc. TN, w. TN, s. IL, and s. MO; Mexico (Chiapas) and Guatemala.

ID notes:The smooth gray bark on larger vines (often marred by sapsucker wells) is distinctive even when the leaves are high overhead; vines can be at least 18 cm in diameter. Younger twigs are bright green (or reddish tinted if sun-grown), and the neatly pinnate venation is also distinctive.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: Berchemia scandens climbs high into the crowns of swamp trees.

Synonymy: = C, F, FNA12, G, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Tx, Va, WH3, Brizicky (1964a)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW
  • Great Plains: FAC
  • Midwest: FAC

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Berchemia scandens, Oaky Woods Wildlife Management Area, Houston County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Sonnia Hill | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: berchemia scandens, montezuma bluffs natural area, macon county, georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷

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