Ulmus americana Linnaeus var. americana . Subgenus: Oreoptelea. Section: Blepharocarpus. Phen: Feb-Mar; Mar-Apr. Hab: Swamps, bottomland forests, moist slopes, especially on relatively or strongly nutrient-rich substrates. Dist: NS, NB, and QC west to se. SK, south to n. FL, c. TX, and n. and c. Mexico.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Taxonomy Comments: It now appears that U. americana (in the broad sense) is a polyploid complex, with tetraploids throughout its distribution and diploids south of the glacial maximum (Whittemore & Olson 2011; Whittemore et al. 2021). These two entities are genetically strongly differentiated (and so far as is known, do not form hybrids in the wild when growing in proximity) and warrant taxonomic status.
Other Comments: Ascomycetous fungi, Ophiostoma ulmi and O. novo-ulmi, are the cause of the Dutch Elm disease. In our area, the effects of the disease appear to have been variable, with less impact southwards and in natural populations (as compared to suburban or urban plantings).
Synonymy: = Kurz & Godfrey (1962); = Ulmus americana L. – S; < Ulmus americana L. – Ar, C, F, FNA3, G, GrPl, GW2, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mex, Mi, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV